North West Geography

Volume 8, 2008

Changing land use in North East Lancashire during the Second World War

Charles Rawding,
Edge Hill University.

Abstract
The demands for a rapid increase in domestic food production during the Second World War resulted in significant changes in agricultural land use from 1939. Government intervention through the activities of the County War Agricultural Executive Committees (CWAECs) had a major impact on agricultural practice.1 This paper investigates how agricultural land use changed within the district of North East Lancashire, and by considering data over a twenty year period (1931-1951) assesses the extent to which the impact of these changes lasted beyond the end of the war.

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Celebrating St. Patrick’s Day in Irish Manchester, 1825-1922

Mervyn Busteed,
Geography, School of Environment and Development, The University of Manchester.

Abstract
Between 1815 and 1922 Irish migrant celebration of St. Patrick’s Day in Manchester became notably less boisterous, more respectable and more Catholic and Irish Nationalist in tone. These changes reflected the growing cultural and political confidence of a migrant population increasingly attuned to the mores of the city and developments in Ireland.

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A deeper understanding of climate induced risk to urban infrastructure: case studies of past events in Greater Manchester

Nigel Lawson and Sarah Lindley,
Geography, School of Environment and Development, The University of Manchester.

Abstract
A detailed knowledge of past events is sometimes used to help understand and manage potential future risks. Flood risk management is one area where this has been particularly true, but the same ideas could theoretically be applied to other potential climate induced impacts in urban areas such as subsidence, sewer collapse and land movement. Greater Manchester, as the world’s first industrial city, provides an ideal case study of how such events have affected the urban infrastructure in the past. This paper reviews some of the evidence which can be gleaned from past events and also shows how the realisation of some climate-related risks in heavy modified urban environments can only be fully understood through a consideration of sub-surface as well as surface characteristics.

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The potential of user-generated cartography: a case study of the OpenStreetMap project and Mapchester mapping party

Chris Perkins and Martin Dodge,
Geography, School of Environment and Development, The University of Manchester.

Abstract
Collaborative approaches based upon volunteered input into shared Internet-based resources are beginning to offer a radical and new alterative to more traditional mapping. This paper explores the potential of one of the most developed of these ‘open’ maps, in a case study of the OpenStreetMap project and of the practices deployed during a ‘mapping party’ in Manchester. The successes and weaknesses of the Mapchester weekend are discussed and it is concluded that the democratising and social potential of the new medium is already being realised.

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Extreme flood events in upland catchments in cumbria since 1600: the evidence of historical records

S. Watkins,
Department of Environmental Science, Lancaster University,
I. Whyte,
Department of Geography, Lancaster University.

Abstract
This paper uses a range of historical sources to identify 34 major floods which affected in upland catchments in Cumbria since the early seventeenth century. Problems, limitations and advantages relating to the sources are discussed. Eighteen of the floods resulted from intense convectional storms, mostly in summer. Sixteen were due to precipitation associated with slow moving or stationery frontal systems. The occurrence of the floods varied over time with concentrations in the late seventeenth century, mid-late eighteenth century, early and late nineteenth century and 1920s-1960s. The distribution matches closely the evidence derived from adjacent areas using radiocarbon dating and lichenometry. The distribution of flood locations identifies some expected concentrations in the central Lake District but also others areas, such as Longsleddale, Dentdale and Stainmore which are less obvious. The use of historical records to pinpoint locations where geomorphological evidence of major floods might be identified is proposed.

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Temperature structure and turbulent mixing processes in Cumbrian lakes

Andrew M. Folkard
Department of Geography, Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University.

Abstract
The lakes of the English Lake District, like all lakes, become density stratified during the summer, when they are most biologically active. This means that they are warmest near their surfaces, and coolest at their beds. This constrains the vertical transport of heat and chemicals because it forms a stable state that requires considerable mixing energy to overcome. When vertical transport does occur, the mixing energy is provided by the wind, which produces turbulence and wave motions within the stratified waterbody. The vertical motion these produce is crucial for a wide variety of ecological and chemical processes within lakes that require linkages to be made between the near-bed and near-surface water. This paper describes some of the work done in Lake District lakes to try to provide a fuller understanding of how these physical processes operate in their contexts, and what the implications are for the water quality and ecological health of the lakes. Key findings include evidence that the vertical structure of turbulent mixing rates is the same in these relatively shallow lakes as in much larger lakes, being relatively high at the surface and near the bed, but very low in the centre of the water column; details of a distinction between small, well-sheltered lakes which are dominated by solar radiation forcing and others which are wind-forcing dominated; and a fuller understanding of the role played by aquatic vegetation around lakes’ edges in determining the extent of mixing and stratification.

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Volume 20, Number 1, 2020

Thomas A.G. Smyth, Ella Thorpe and Paul Rooney,
Blowout Evolution Between 1999 and 2015 in Ainsdale Sand Dunes
National Nature Reserve, England.

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Volume 19, Number 2, 2019

Rory Scott and Neil Entwistle,
Toward a protocol for UAV surveying in Environmental Sciences.

Philip D. Hughes, Matt D. Tomkins and Andrew G. Stimson,
Glaciation of the English Lake District during the Late-glacial: a new analysis using 10Be and Schmidt hammer exposure dating.

Volume 19, Number 1, 2019

P J Murphy,
The Vaccary Walls of Wycoller, Pennine East Lancashire – a geologist’s view.

Paul Hindle,
Book Review. Manchester – Mapping the City, T. Wyke, B. Robson & M. Dodge.

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Volume 18, Number 2, 2018

Brian Robson,
Mapping the Rise and Fall of Ancoats Hall.

William J. Fletcher and Peter A. Ryan,
Radiocarbon constraints on historical peat accumulation rates and atmospheric deposition of heavy metals at Holcroft Moss, Warrington.

Volume 18, Number 1, 2018

Michael Hardman, Rebecca St. Clair, Richard Armitage, Veronica Barry, Peter Larkham and Graeme Sherriff,
Urban agriculture: evaluating informal and formal practices.

Samantha Wilkinson and Catherine Wilkinson,
‘Working from home’: academics and Airbnb, an autoethnographic account.

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Volume 17, Number 2, 2017

K. R. Butt and P. D. Putwain,
Earthworm community development in organic matter-amended plots on reclaimed colliery spoil.

Jonathan Lageard, Lizzie Bonnar, Thomas Briggs, Simon Caporn, Emma Clarke, Chris Field, Callum Hayles, Anna Keightley, Graham Smith, Lydia McCool, Peter Ryan and Tor Yip,
Educational potential of peatlands and prehistoric bog oaks in Lancashire and adjoining region.

Brian Robson and Nick Scarle,
Bury in 1831: a newly-discovered early plan of the town.

Jennifer O’Brien,
A–Level Geography Workshop — a funding report.

Volume 17, Number 1, 2017

Richard Payne
Fieldwork is good – but why?

Kathy Burrell,
Stories from “The World in One City”: Migrant Lives in Liverpool.

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Volume 16, Number 1, 2016

Cathy Delaney and Oliver Sikora,
Evidence for Paleolake Rawtenstall around Stacksteads, Upper Irwell Valley, Rossendale, U.K.

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Volume 15, Number 2, 2015

Rodolfo Alves da Luz, Nigel Lawson, Ian Douglas and Cleide Rodrigues,
Historical sources and meandering river systems in urban sites: the case of Manchester, UK.

Volume 15, Number 1, 2015

Irene Delgado-Fernandez, Matthew McBride, Rachel Platt and Mark Cameron,
Sefton Coast’s vulnerability to coastal flooding using DEM data.

Simon J. Cook, Toby N. Tonkin, Nicholas G. Midgley and Anya Wicikowski,
Analysis of ‘hummocky moraine’ using Structure-from-Motion photogrammetry

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Volume 14, Number 1, 2014

Peter Wilson and Tom Lord,
Towards a robust deglacial chronology for the northwest England sector of the last British-Irish Ice Sheet.

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Volume 13, Number 2, 2013

Brian Robsom,
John Wood’s town plans and the evolving urban hierarchy of Cumbria.

Volume 13, Number 1, 2013

Peter Wilson,
Did a glacier exist in the valley of Bleatarn Gill, central Lake District, during the Loch Lomond Stade?

Mark Toogood and Hannah Neate,
Preston Bus Station: Heritage, Regeneration, and Resistance

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Volume 12, Number 1, 2012

Claire Smith and Nigel Lawson,
Exceeding climate thresholds: Extreme weather impacts on the environment and population of Greater Manchester.

Philip D. Hughes, Roger J. Braithwaite, Cassandra R. Fenton and Christoph Schnabel,
Two Younger Dryas glacier phases in the English Lake District: geomorphological evidence and preliminary 10Be exposure ages.

Jonathan Darling, Ruth L Healey and Lauren Healey,
Seeing the City anew: Asylum Seeker perspectives of ‘belonging’ in Greater Manchester.

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Volume 11, Number 2, 2011

Peter Wilson,
Re-interpretation of the ‘relict protalus rock glacier’ at Grasmoor End, northwest Lake District.

Volume 11, Number 1, 2011

Ramirez, F. A., Armitage, R. P., Danson, F. M., and Bandugula, V.,
Characterising phenological changes in North West forests using terrestrial laser scanning: some preliminary results.

Peter Wilson,
The last glacier in Dovedale, Lake District.

Colin Richards,
Thomas Jeffery’s Map of “The County of Westmoreland” (1770): an evaluation of its contribution to understanding late eighteenth century landscape.

Richard J. Payne,
Meteors and perceptions of environmental change in the annus mirabilis AD1783-4.

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Volume 10, Number 2, 2010

Richard J. Payne,
The ‘Meteorological Imaginations and Conjectures’ of Benjamin Franklin.

M Cross,
The use of a field open-sided direct shear box for the determination of the shear strength of shallow residual and colluvial soils on hillslopes in the south Pennines, Derbyshire.

Paul Hindle,
Continuing change: Manchester Geographical Society, 1998-2010.

Paul Hindle,
Book reviews.

Volume 10, Number 1, 2010

C. A. Delaney, E. J. Rhodes, R. G. Crofts, and C. D. Jones,
Evidence for former glacial lakes in the High Peak and Rossendale Plateau areas, north west England.

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Volume 9, Number 2, 2009

Gary Warnaby,
Changing Representation of the Industrial Town: an analysis of official guides in Bury from 1925.

Derek Antrobus,
Three Stories of Salford: transformation, identity and metropolitan peripheries.

Volume 9, Number 1, 2009

Chris Perkins,
Placing golf.

Ian Whyte,
The Impact of Parliamentary Enclosure on a Cumbrian Community: Watermillock, c. 1780-1840.

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Volume 8, Number 2, 2008

Charles Rawding,
Changing Land Use in North East Lancashire during the Second World War.

Volume 8, Number 1, 2008

Mervyn Busteed,
Celebrating St. Patrick’s Day in Irish Manchester, 1825-1922.

Nigel Lawson and Sarah Lindley,
A deeper understanding of climate induced risk to urban infrastructure: case studies of past events in Greater Manchester.

Chris Perkins and Martin Dodge,
The potential of user-generated cartography: a case study of the OpenStreetMap project and Mapchester mapping party.

S. Watkins and I. Whyte,
Extreme flood events in upland catchments in cumbria since 1600: the evidence of historical records.

Andrew M. Folkard,
Temperature structure and turbulent mixing processes in Cumbrian lakes.

Go to Volume 8

Volume 7, Number 2, 2007

Richard D. Knowles and Adwoa A. Ametepe,
Bus Patronage, Bus Deregulation and Ten Year Transport Plan Targets in Gateway Cities: the case of Greater Manchester and Merseyside.

Volume 7, Number 1, 2007

Kevin R. Butt and Emma J. Chamberlain,
Distribution of earthworms across the Sefton Coast sand dune ecosystem.

Peter Wilson,
Kirkby Fell rock slope failure.

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Volume 6, Number 1, 2006

Charles Rawding,
East Lancashire housing markets.

Fabienne Carraz, Kevin G. Taylor, Stefan Stainsby and Davina Robertson,
Contaminated urban road deposited sediment (RDS), Greater Manchester, UK: a spatial assessment of potential surface water impacts.

Human or Physical? People and Places of Edge Hill,
New Book.

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Volume 5, Number 1, 2005

David W. Shimwell,
Evidence for the vegetation and habitat of the reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) in the Loch Lomond stadial of north-west England.

Paul Hindle,
The tram roads of the Manchester Bolton & Bury canal

Chris Perkins and Anna Z.Thomson,
Mapping for health: cycling and walking maps of the city.

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Volume 4, Number 1, 2004

Paul Hindle,
Large scale plans of Manchester.

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Volume 3, Number 2, 2003

Richard D. Knowles and Adwoa A. Kevin R. Butt, Christopher N. Lowe and Tim Walmsley,
Monitoring earthworm communities in translocated grasslands affected by the construction of Runway 2 at Manchester Airport.

Volume 3, Number 1, 2003

Charles Rawding,
Agricultural practices and state intervention during the Second World War: a case study of South West Lancashire.

Dawn Nicholson,
Breakdown mechanisms and morphology for man-made rockslopes in North West England.

Catherine Delaney,
The last glacial stage (the Devensian) in North West England.

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Volume 2, Number 2, 2002

Ian Whyte,
Whose Lake District? Contested landscapes and changing sense of place.

Chris Perkins,
Tactile mapping quality: the Manchester experience.

Paul Hindle,
Ordnance Survey 25 inch Maps of Lancashire.

Chris Perkins,
Stockport Green A-Z, Section 1: Brinnington, Reddish and the Heatons.

Volume 2, Number 1, 2002

Richard Phillips,
Exploring an imperial region: North West England.

A. D. Thomas, A. J. Dougill, K. Berry and J. A. Byrne,
Soil crusts in the Molopo Basin, Southern Africa.

M. E. J. Cutler, J. McMorrow and M. Evans,
Remote sensing of upland peat erosion in the southern Pennines.

Paul Hindle,
The North West in Maps: Thomas Donald’s map of Cumberland, 1774.

Wilfred H. Theakstone,
‘Manchester’ by Clare Hartwell.

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Volume 1, Number 2, 2001

G. L. Heritage, A. Chappell and A. D. Thomas,
A field-based approach to integrating catchment and river channel processes.

Catherine Delaney,
Esker formation and the nature of deglaciation: the Ballymahon Esker, Central Ireland.

Mervyn Busteed,
Research report on Irish Nationalist Processions in late nineteenth and early twentieth century Manchester.

Paul Hindle,
The North West in Maps: Ordnance Survey 25 inch maps – Rochdale (South), 1908.

Volume 1, Number 1, 2001

Mark Banks,
Representing regional life: the place discourses of Granada Tonight.

Andrew J. Dougill and Matt Stroh,
Recreational users of Lake District bridleways: conflict or camaraderie?

Mervyn Busteed,
”I shall never return to Hibernia’s bowers“ Irish migrant identities in early Victorian Manchester.

Laura Shotbolt, Andrew D. Thomas, Simon M. Hutchinson and Andrew J. Dougill,
Reconstructing the history of heavy metal pollution in the southern Pennines from the sedimentary record of reservoirs: methods and preliminary results.

Paul Hindle,
The influence of the Gay Village on migration to central Manchester.

Paul Hindle,
The North West in Maps: Ordnance Survey One Inch Maps – Rossendale 1895.

Go to Volume 1