North West Geography

Volume 17, 2017

Earthworm community development in organic matter-amended plots on reclaimed colliery spoil

K. R. Butt
School of Forensic and Applied Sciences, University of Central Lancashire,
P. D. Putwain
School of Environmental Sciences, University of Liverpool

Abstract
Earthworms were sampled at a semi-restored colliery spoil site at Chisnall Hall in Lancashire, two and a half years after the site had been experimentally treated with a number of organic matter applications of anaerobic digestate and compost-like output, in isolation and in combinations. This gave six treatments including a control with no amendment. The material was mechanically dug into the site into replicated 20 x 10 m plots. Within each plot, four types of plant, ash, cherry, willow and reed canary grass, were introduced. Results showed that all organic treatments gave rise to significantly higher community densities of earthworms, with the greatest (638 earthworms m-2) in the high digestate application (1875 t ha-1) treatment, compared with 192 earthworms m-2 in the unamended control (p<0.05). Species that contributed to greatest numbers were Allolobophora chlorotica (the green worm) and Aporrectodea caliginosa (the grey worm), both shallow-working, and Aporrectodea longa (the black-headed worm), a deep burrower. Nine earthworm species were encountered in total. Planting type had no significant effect on earthworm density. Addition of organic matter to a colliery spoil site greatly enhanced earthworm community density, through a combination of immigration from surrounding areas and increased reproduction.

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Educational potential of peatlands and prehistoric bog oaks in Lancashire and adjoining regions

Jonathan Lageard1, Lizzie Bonnar1, Thomas Briggs1, Simon Caporn1,
Emma Clarke1, Chris Field1, Callum Hayles1, Anna Keightley1, Graham Smith1, Lydia McCool2, Peter Ryan3, Tor Yip4
1 School of Science and the Environment, Manchester Metropolitan University,
2 Lancashire Wildlife Trust, Environmental Resource Centre,
3 School of Environment, Education and Development, University of Manchester,
4 Faculty of Science & Engineering, Manchester Metropolitan University.

Abstract
This paper documents recent projects where peatlands and bog oak discoveries have been at the heart of both education and research at Manchester Metropolitan University. Peatlands are numerous in the Manchester and surrounding areas and have been exploited over millennia. Peat removal has uncovered the remains of prehistoric woodlands, and bog oaks are now the focus of undergraduate research, revealing the nature of the prehistoric environment. Currently postgraduate research aims to optimise conditions for the successful re-vegetation of peat surfaces, reflecting a shift in attitudes from peatland exploitation to restoration. Organizations such as the Lancashire Wildlife Trust, Natural England and Manchester Metropolitan University have been at the forefront of recent initiatives to conserve and enhance peatlands, as well as to communicate their values: palaeoecological, wildlife and biodiversity, ability to store carbon as a buffer against climate change, water storage, recreational and amenity. Initiatives such as the Chat Moss and Accessing Manchester’s Mosslands Projects are highlighted as examples of good practice in communicating peatland values and research to wider audiences. Educational initiatives embracing peatlands in the curricula and research are key to producing knowledgeable and enthusiastic future champions of our peatlands.

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Bury in 1831: a newly-discovered early plan of the town

Brian Robson and Nick Scarle
School of Environment, Education and Development, University of Manchester

Abstract
A formerly unknown town plan of Bury by John Wood has recently been discovered. Previously the only known plan of a Lancashire town by Wood was of Rochdale which was also was done in 1831. The Bury plan has some features which differ from most of Wood’s numerous plans of other towns, for example its lack of reference to inns, the absence of landowners’ names and the very generalised depiction of many buildings. This may suggest that Wood cut short the survey in light of poor sales. However, the Bury map is important since it is now the earliest detailed plan of the town and comparison with the first 6″ OS map shows it to be highly accurate. Comparison with an 1843 map of Bury by Benson shows the pattern of the early growth of the industrial town in the 12 years between the two surveys.

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A-Level Geography Workshop – a funding report

Jennifer O’Brien
School of Environment, Education and Development, University of Manchester

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Fieldwork is good – but why?

Richard J Payne
Environment, University of York.

Abstract
Field-based teaching and learning is perhaps the most characteristic aspect of pedagogy in Geography and Environmental Science higher education. While it is clear that both staff and students place a high value on fieldwork it is not clear whether students and staff share the same views or prioritise the same factors in making this judgement. Here we surveyed staff and students at years 1-3 to demonstrate important differences in value judgements. Staff members ranked the importance of fieldwork in student recruitment much more highly than students themselves which may give cause to question the focus of many universities on ever-more exotic field destinations. Staff members were much more positive than students about the value of fieldwork in learning transferable skills and preparing students for final year research projects. Both staff and students were very positive about the value of fieldwork as a ‘bonding’ experience, particularly at first year level, supporting the common inclusion of fieldtrips in the early stages of degrees. Overall there was strong evidence that most students felt fieldwork was a valuable way to learn about the subject with responses highlighting many of the same key attributes as staff members.

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Stories from ‘The World in One City’: Migrant Lives in Liverpool

Kathy Burrell
Department of Geography & Planning, University of Liverpool.

Abstract
This is an article about migrant biographies in Liverpool, initially inspired by the famous tagline used for the 2008 Capital of Culture bid representing Liverpool as ‘the world in one city’. Based on in-depth interviews with relatively recent migrants, the paper uses the stories they shared to explore different experiences of migrating to and living in this ‘world in one city’. By focusing on three people specifically – an EU migrant, a former international student and a refugee – the article finds interesting parallels with the ‘sojourners’ of the nineteenth century, reveals varying manifestations of mobility and homemaking, but finds that ultimately the ‘world in one city’ is not as welcoming a place for all newcomers as the city’s brand projected.

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Volume 20, Number 1, 2020

Thomas A.G. Smyth, Ella Thorpe and Paul Rooney,
Blowout Evolution Between 1999 and 2015 in Ainsdale Sand Dunes
National Nature Reserve, England.

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Volume 19, Number 2, 2019

Rory Scott and Neil Entwistle,
Toward a protocol for UAV surveying in Environmental Sciences.

Philip D. Hughes, Matt D. Tomkins and Andrew G. Stimson,
Glaciation of the English Lake District during the Late-glacial: a new analysis using 10Be and Schmidt hammer exposure dating.

Volume 19, Number 1, 2019

P J Murphy,
The Vaccary Walls of Wycoller, Pennine East Lancashire – a geologist’s view.

Paul Hindle,
Book Review. Manchester – Mapping the City, T. Wyke, B. Robson & M. Dodge.

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Volume 18, Number 2, 2018

Brian Robson,
Mapping the Rise and Fall of Ancoats Hall.

William J. Fletcher and Peter A. Ryan,
Radiocarbon constraints on historical peat accumulation rates and atmospheric deposition of heavy metals at Holcroft Moss, Warrington.

Volume 18, Number 1, 2018

Michael Hardman, Rebecca St. Clair, Richard Armitage, Veronica Barry, Peter Larkham and Graeme Sherriff,
Urban agriculture: evaluating informal and formal practices.

Samantha Wilkinson and Catherine Wilkinson,
‘Working from home’: academics and Airbnb, an autoethnographic account.

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Volume 17, Number 2, 2017

K. R. Butt and P. D. Putwain,
Earthworm community development in organic matter-amended plots on reclaimed colliery spoil.

Jonathan Lageard, Lizzie Bonnar, Thomas Briggs, Simon Caporn, Emma Clarke, Chris Field, Callum Hayles, Anna Keightley, Graham Smith, Lydia McCool, Peter Ryan and Tor Yip,
Educational potential of peatlands and prehistoric bog oaks in Lancashire and adjoining region.

Brian Robson and Nick Scarle,
Bury in 1831: a newly-discovered early plan of the town.

Jennifer O’Brien,
A–Level Geography Workshop — a funding report.

Volume 17, Number 1, 2017

Richard Payne
Fieldwork is good – but why?

Kathy Burrell,
Stories from “The World in One City”: Migrant Lives in Liverpool.

Go to Volume 17

Volume 16, Number 1, 2016

Cathy Delaney and Oliver Sikora,
Evidence for Paleolake Rawtenstall around Stacksteads, Upper Irwell Valley, Rossendale, U.K.

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Volume 15, Number 2, 2015

Rodolfo Alves da Luz, Nigel Lawson, Ian Douglas and Cleide Rodrigues,
Historical sources and meandering river systems in urban sites: the case of Manchester, UK.

Volume 15, Number 1, 2015

Irene Delgado-Fernandez, Matthew McBride, Rachel Platt and Mark Cameron,
Sefton Coast’s vulnerability to coastal flooding using DEM data.

Simon J. Cook, Toby N. Tonkin, Nicholas G. Midgley and Anya Wicikowski,
Analysis of ‘hummocky moraine’ using Structure-from-Motion photogrammetry

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Volume 14, Number 1, 2014

Peter Wilson and Tom Lord,
Towards a robust deglacial chronology for the northwest England sector of the last British-Irish Ice Sheet.

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Volume 13, Number 2, 2013

Brian Robsom,
John Wood’s town plans and the evolving urban hierarchy of Cumbria.

Volume 13, Number 1, 2013

Peter Wilson,
Did a glacier exist in the valley of Bleatarn Gill, central Lake District, during the Loch Lomond Stade?

Mark Toogood and Hannah Neate,
Preston Bus Station: Heritage, Regeneration, and Resistance

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Volume 12, Number 1, 2012

Claire Smith and Nigel Lawson,
Exceeding climate thresholds: Extreme weather impacts on the environment and population of Greater Manchester.

Philip D. Hughes, Roger J. Braithwaite, Cassandra R. Fenton and Christoph Schnabel,
Two Younger Dryas glacier phases in the English Lake District: geomorphological evidence and preliminary 10Be exposure ages.

Jonathan Darling, Ruth L Healey and Lauren Healey,
Seeing the City anew: Asylum Seeker perspectives of ‘belonging’ in Greater Manchester.

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Volume 11, Number 2, 2011

Peter Wilson,
Re-interpretation of the ‘relict protalus rock glacier’ at Grasmoor End, northwest Lake District.

Volume 11, Number 1, 2011

Ramirez, F. A., Armitage, R. P., Danson, F. M., and Bandugula, V.,
Characterising phenological changes in North West forests using terrestrial laser scanning: some preliminary results.

Peter Wilson,
The last glacier in Dovedale, Lake District.

Colin Richards,
Thomas Jeffery’s Map of “The County of Westmoreland” (1770): an evaluation of its contribution to understanding late eighteenth century landscape.

Richard J. Payne,
Meteors and perceptions of environmental change in the annus mirabilis AD1783-4.

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Volume 10, Number 2, 2010

Richard J. Payne,
The ‘Meteorological Imaginations and Conjectures’ of Benjamin Franklin.

M Cross,
The use of a field open-sided direct shear box for the determination of the shear strength of shallow residual and colluvial soils on hillslopes in the south Pennines, Derbyshire.

Paul Hindle,
Continuing change: Manchester Geographical Society, 1998-2010.

Paul Hindle,
Book reviews.

Volume 10, Number 1, 2010

C. A. Delaney, E. J. Rhodes, R. G. Crofts, and C. D. Jones,
Evidence for former glacial lakes in the High Peak and Rossendale Plateau areas, north west England.

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Volume 9, Number 2, 2009

Gary Warnaby,
Changing Representation of the Industrial Town: an analysis of official guides in Bury from 1925.

Derek Antrobus,
Three Stories of Salford: transformation, identity and metropolitan peripheries.

Volume 9, Number 1, 2009

Chris Perkins,
Placing golf.

Ian Whyte,
The Impact of Parliamentary Enclosure on a Cumbrian Community: Watermillock, c. 1780-1840.

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Volume 8, Number 2, 2008

Charles Rawding,
Changing Land Use in North East Lancashire during the Second World War.

Volume 8, Number 1, 2008

Mervyn Busteed,
Celebrating St. Patrick’s Day in Irish Manchester, 1825-1922.

Nigel Lawson and Sarah Lindley,
A deeper understanding of climate induced risk to urban infrastructure: case studies of past events in Greater Manchester.

Chris Perkins and Martin Dodge,
The potential of user-generated cartography: a case study of the OpenStreetMap project and Mapchester mapping party.

S. Watkins and I. Whyte,
Extreme flood events in upland catchments in cumbria since 1600: the evidence of historical records.

Andrew M. Folkard,
Temperature structure and turbulent mixing processes in Cumbrian lakes.

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Volume 7, Number 2, 2007

Richard D. Knowles and Adwoa A. Ametepe,
Bus Patronage, Bus Deregulation and Ten Year Transport Plan Targets in Gateway Cities: the case of Greater Manchester and Merseyside.

Volume 7, Number 1, 2007

Kevin R. Butt and Emma J. Chamberlain,
Distribution of earthworms across the Sefton Coast sand dune ecosystem.

Peter Wilson,
Kirkby Fell rock slope failure.

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Volume 6, Number 1, 2006

Charles Rawding,
East Lancashire housing markets.

Fabienne Carraz, Kevin G. Taylor, Stefan Stainsby and Davina Robertson,
Contaminated urban road deposited sediment (RDS), Greater Manchester, UK: a spatial assessment of potential surface water impacts

Human or Physical? People and Places of Edge Hill,
New Book.

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Volume 4, Number 1, 2004

Paul Hindle,
Large scale plans of Manchester.

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Volume 3, Number 2, 2003

Richard D. Knowles and Adwoa A. Kevin R. Butt, Christopher N. Lowe and Tim Walmsley,
Monitoring earthworm communities in translocated grasslands affected by the construction of Runway 2 at Manchester Airport.

Volume 3, Number 1, 2003

Charles Rawding,
Agricultural practices and state intervention during the Second World War: a case study of South West Lancashire.

Dawn Nicholson,
Breakdown mechanisms and morphology for man-made rockslopes in North West England.

Catherine Delaney,
The last glacial stage (the Devensian) in North West England.

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Volume 2, Number 2, 2002

Ian Whyte,
Whose Lake District? Contested landscapes and changing sense of place.

Chris Perkins,
Tactile mapping quality: the Manchester experience.

Paul Hindle,
Ordnance Survey 25 inch Maps of Lancashire.

Chris Perkins,
Stockport Green A-Z, Section 1: Brinnington, Reddish and the Heatons.

Volume 2, Number 1, 2002

Richard Phillips,
Exploring an imperial region: North West England.

A. D. Thomas, A. J. Dougill, K. Berry and J. A. Byrne,
Soil crusts in the Molopo Basin, Southern Africa.

M. E. J. Cutler, J. McMorrow and M. Evans,
Remote sensing of upland peat erosion in the southern Pennines.

Paul Hindle,
The North West in Maps: Thomas Donald’s map of Cumberland, 1774.

Wilfred H. Theakstone,
‘Manchester’ by Clare Hartwell.

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Volume 1, Number 2, 2001

G. L. Heritage, A. Chappell and A. D. Thomas,
A field-based approach to integrating catchment and river channel processes.

Catherine Delaney,
Esker formation and the nature of deglaciation: the Ballymahon Esker, Central Ireland.

Mervyn Busteed,
Research report on Irish Nationalist Processions in late nineteenth and early twentieth century Manchester.

Paul Hindle,
The North West in Maps: Ordnance Survey 25 inch maps – Rochdale (South), 1908.

Volume 1, Number 1, 2001

Mark Banks,
Representing regional life: the place discourses of Granada Tonight.

Andrew J. Dougill and Matt Stroh,
Recreational users of Lake District bridleways: conflict or camaraderie?

Mervyn Busteed,
”I shall never return to Hibernia’s bowers“ Irish migrant identities in early Victorian Manchester.

Laura Shotbolt, Andrew D. Thomas, Simon M. Hutchinson and Andrew J. Dougill,
Reconstructing the history of heavy metal pollution in the southern Pennines from the sedimentary record of reservoirs: methods and preliminary results.

Paul Hindle,
The influence of the Gay Village on migration to central Manchester.

Paul Hindle,
The North West in Maps: Ordnance Survey One Inch Maps – Rossendale 1895.

Go to Volume 1